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Study Skills

Good academic practice and avoiding plagiarism

An online tutorial on good academic practice & avoiding plagiarism

Reporting

If you refer to specific information that you have found e.g. fact, event, date, map and you use an in-text reference as well as a full citation in the bibliography or references section at the end of your work – this is reporting. Here are some useful reporting words that are useful for evaluating and writing about other authors’ work e.g.

  • Argue
  • Demonstrate
  • Suggest

For example

Mba (2005) demonstrates, in their study of acoustic emission technology, that...

Mba (2005) argues, in their study of acoustic emission technology, that...

Mba (2005) suggests, in their study of acoustic emission technology, that...

Reporting words can differ in terms of their strength and they can be used to present a source factually, present the sources position, or include your own views. In the example above, by using different reporting words, our understanding changes, with the first example indicating a neutral stance, the second example is strong and the third is tentative.

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