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Quoting is copying, repeating a passage or using the exact wording from a source, such as a book, journal article, speech or document. You might need to quote text of a formal definition or standard to ensure the exact meaning is made clear to your reader. Perhaps there is an exact turn of phrase that is particularly significant and cannot be conveyed by paraphrasing. Use quotation sparingly. You could try asking yourself the following questions:
If you are going to use a quotation then it is worth a comment. Tell the reader why you have chosen to use a particular quotation.
Example: George Orwell’s advice on grammar for writers is still relevant today,
"Never use the passive, when you can use the active." (Orwell, 1946, p.169)
The Prime Minister introduced the government’s strategy to tackle obesity in these terms:
Our ambition is to be the first major nation to reverse the rising tide of obesity […] by ensuring that everyone is able to achieve and maintain a health weight. Our initial focus will be on children: by 202 we aim to reduce the proportion of overweight and obese children to 2000 levels. (Department of Health, 2008, p.2)
Reading the information above, do you think the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Click on the statement to reveal the answer
If I use speech marks it is not necessary to say where a quotation comes from
FALSE, the quotation marks only indicate it is a quote, you still need to note where a quotation comes from.
You can quote a whole paragraph or more than one sentence
TRUE, but ask yourself if all of the paragraph or all of the sentences need to be quoted. Remember the 3 questions. Is the author eminent or an authority? Are you directly quoting from literature? Is the quotation particularly vivid or surprising?