In this guide you will find information about how to conduct a systematic review. There are links to resources and other sources of information to support you throughout the whole process of a systematic review.
"A systematic review attempts to identify, appraise and synthesise all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers contucting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimising bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making." (Cochrane) Welcome to the Medical Library's systematic reviews LibGuide.
There are many types of systematic review, they each have a slightly different purpose and methodology.
For details of other review types see
Grant M, Booth A. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information & Libraries Journal. 2009;26(2):91-108.
There are many stages to conducting a systematic review. The different stages can be found on the timeline below.
Spending time at the beginning of your review ensuring that you are asking the right question and phrasing it correctly will save a lot of time later on when developing the search and during screening.
It is good practice to document each stage of the review, search strategies, inclusion and exclusion criteria when screening, method used to critically appraise papers and how data was extracted and analysed. This documentation will be helpful when reaching the final stage which is writing up and submitting the systematic review for publication or assessment.