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Study Skills

Medicine: Writing for Publication: Article content

Reference management

Most journals will have a citation and referencing style which they will expect you to use when you submit an article for publication. Using reference management software will make this a lot easier. Save any articles you wish to cite in your publication to a reference manager, and then use its Word plugin to insert citations in a consistent style, and generate a bibliography.

There are lots of reference managers out there. The Medical Library supports the use of:

Our top tips guides and tutorial videos will help you use these various pieces of software. The Medical Library also runs a training session on using referencing software.

Reporting guidelines

Most study design types for medical research have a recognised set of reporting guidelines to follow when writing up.

You can find the majority of reporting guidelines at the EQUATOR Network website. Of particular relevance to most medical researchers are the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews, and the PRISMA-P guidelines for systematic review protocols. If you are undertaking a Cochrane review, please select the correct Cochrane Handbook for your review type.The SPIRIT Statement is the guideline for writing RCT protocols.

Academic phrasebank

Manchester University has created a useful resource: its Academic Phrasebank.

"The Academic Phrasebank is a general resource for academic writers. It aims to provide you with examples of some of the phraseological ‘nuts and bolts’ of writing organised according to the main sections of a research paper or dissertation [... or] the more general communicative functions of academic writing."

Use this phrasebank to find useful academic terminology to help you compose well-constructed academic writing for assignments, publications, and more.

Support from the Language Centre

The Language Centre has a range of online material about academic writing in English, writing with clarity, and other useful resources. (Raven login is required.) The Language Centre also offers a variety of courses and one-to-one coaching in writing for a variety of contexts for those whose first language is not English.

Contact us

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Medical Library Team
University of Cambridge Medical Library
Box 111
School of Clinical Medicine
Cambridge Biomedical Campus
01223 336750