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Cambridge LibGuides

African Studies Library: Copyright & Referencing Advice

Referencing guidance

The best way to avoid plagiarism and stay on top of your citations is by using referencing management software.

The University supports the following software packages with training:

  • EndNote (available on University MCS terminals)
  • Mendeley (free!)
  • Zotero (free!)

The following LibGuides created by the English and Medical Libraries (Cambridge) provide helpful advice for referencing, and how to use software that is available to support you:

 For more information see our guide on issuu to "Managing your references"

The following resources are available in print, or online within the Cambridge Libraries network (some may require Raven on and off campus)  There are many more helpful resources, please ask us.

The Centre for African Studies does not enforce a particular referencing style, but advises that students ensure that they apply only one style throughout their written work.  

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Research Data Management

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The following information is intended as a guide to copyright and does not constitute legal advice.

Copyright is one of a bundle of rights which help to ensure that a work is not used without permission.  Copyright is automatically granted once the work has been produced in a tangible form, for example written down.  In most cases the first copyright holder is the author of the work.

The rights of the author can be divided into two groups – the moral right to be identified as the author and the economic right to make money from their work. The author retains the moral rights but may choose to give away the economic rights, for example by publishing in a journal. More information about these rights can be found here.

Third party copyright refers to copyright that is owned by someone else. Legislation allows researchers to use short quotations, extracts or excerpts from others work as long as the use meets the requirements of ‘fair dealing for the purposes of criticism and review’.  If researchers wish to reuse content they have authored but already published it is important to check if the publisher will permit this.

Creative Commons provides a way to licence the use of material you create and share. Using a simple formula it allows creators to build a licence which suits their needs and authorised appropriate use of their work. Using a Creative Commons licence allows researchers to get more exposure for their work whilst maintaining control over its use.

For more information about copyright contact the Legal Services Office of the University.